Published: Thu, December 05, 2019
Global News | By Blake Casey

Global carbon emissions set to grow more slowly in 2019, experts say

Global carbon emissions set to grow more slowly in 2019, experts say

At the same time, increased use of natural gas was the most-important driver of emissions growth in 2019, Canadell said, raising questions over the industry's claim that the fuel serves as a bridge between dirtier coal and cleaner renewables.

The Global Carbon Project's estimate of 2019's carbon emissions were published on Tuesday in Environmental Research Letters, Nature Climate Change, and Earth System Science Data.

The warning comes as envoys from almost 200 countries gather this week for United Nations-organized climate talks aimed at implementing the 2015 Paris agreement to limit emissions from fossil fuels and as a global protest movement calling for tougher action on climate change gathers momentum.

Concentrations of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continue to grow and are projected to reach 410 parts per million this year - 47 per cent above pre-industrial levels and the highest levels for several million years. "Continued support for low-carbon technologies need to be combined with policies directed at phasing out the use of fossil fuels".

Coal-based emissions are down 10% in both regions this year, per the report, and experts expect coal to continually fall in these markets because of increased competition between coal and lower-cost natural gas and increasingly popular renewable options, and regulations to reduce greenhouse gases. Weaker economic growth globally was also a factor, the researchers found. It's simply working alongside fossil fuel sources to provide new energy, so carbon emissions aren't offset. Renewable energy is on the rise, too, and the USA and Europe are using less coal. Scientists have charted the release of carbon emissions. "Elsewhere around the world though, coal use is still increasing, natural gas use is increasing a lot, and for the most part, that natural gas isn't replacing coal, it's providing new energy for the world".

As the world's 14th largest emitter of carbon dioxide, South Africans not only have a massive role to play in responding to climate change, but also a duty to the planet to shift to a lower-carbon economy.

Natural gas rose by 2.6 percent, thanks to a surge in interest, which lowered prices and increased availability of the fossil resource.

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"The failure to mitigate global emissions, despite positive progress on so many aspects of climate policy, suggests that the full bag of policy options is not being effectively deployed", the report said.

Coal use is plummeting in Europe and the United States because of cheaper natural gas and renewables, explained Jackson.

UN Deputy Executive Secretary Ovais Sarmad said that although tourism impact on climate change is considered by many stakeholders as a major concern, not enough has yet been done to tackle it. "The urgency of action has not sunk in yet", said Le Quere.

"Gas is not a transition fuel and by facilitating the exploration and supply of new gas, Ireland runs the risk of being locked into a fossil fuel dependent path which will only add to our emissions, further climate breakdown and result in hefty European Union fines", she warned.

Fires started across Brazil since 13 August 2019. This equates to 40.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) entering our atmosphere. This increase, the study finds, stems partly from increased fire activity in the Amazon as well as unusually high fire rates in forest planted on peatlands in Indonesia.

The researchers' simulations predict peak emissions flux of 0.2-0.5 PgC yr-1 and show that the NAIP could have initiated PETM climate change. This follows a temporary slowdown in Carbon dioxide emissions between 2014 and 2016.

Niall is the Editor of The Green News.

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