Published: Tue, October 08, 2019
Global News | By Blake Casey

Americans Kaelin and Semenza, Briton Ratcliffe win 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine

Americans Kaelin and Semenza, Briton Ratcliffe win 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine

James Peebles of Princeton received half of the prize, with Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz sharing the other half, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm announced on Tuesday.

"While James Peebles' theoretical discoveries contributed to our understanding of how the universe evolved after the Big Bang, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz explored our cosmic neighbourhoods on the hunt for unknown planets".

Using theoretical tools and calculations, Peebles was able to interpret trace radiation from the infancy of the universe and so discover new physical processes, the academy said. Engage the entire Dwell TV motion on HEADLINEZPRO 24×7 and HEADLINEZPRO India.

Since their discovery, more than 4,000 exoplanets have been found in the Milky Way, many of them nothing like our own world.

On Thursday, the Swedish Academy will announce one literature laureate for 2018 and one for 2019, after postponing last year's award due to a sexual harassment scandal that exposed deep rifts among its 18 members.

Today in Sweden, the Nobel committee announced that Americans William Kaelin Jr. and Gregg Semenza, along with Peter Ratcliffe, would split the almost million-dollar prize for their work in unravelling a fundamental aspect of life: how our cells keep track of and respond to fluctuating oxygen levels.

The three scientists discovered the molecular switch that allows our cells to adapt when oxygen levels drop.

Past physics prize laureates include Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr and James Chadwick, the discoverer of the neutron.

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Thunberg's category, the victor of which will be announced on Friday, is one of five created by Alfred Nobel in his third and last will in 1895, which left much of his wealth to establishing a prize for those who "conferred the greatest benefit to humankind" during the preceding year.

"When I started working in this subject - I can tell you the date, 1964 -at the invitation of my mentor, Professor Robert Henry Dicke, I was very uneasy about going into this subject because the experimental observational basis was so modest".

The other half of the award was jointly awarded to Swiss scientists, Michel Mayor from the University of Geneva, and Didier Queloz, also from the University of Geneva and the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge.

In between, the Peace Prize will be awarded in Oslo on Friday, October 11, with Swedish teen climate activist Greta seen as the favourite on betting sites such as Ladbrokes.

"I hope that Sheldon and Amy are not too disappointed today", he said.

"We are studying the origins of life and that's exactly what exoplanets are doing", Queloz said. "That's what I did", the new Nobel Prize victor added.

The Karolinska Institutet said in a statement the trio should share equally the 9 million kronor ($918,000) cash award.

The announcement in Medicine kicks off this year's prestigious awards, which will be followed in the coming days by prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace and Economics.

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