Published: Fri, July 12, 2019
Sci-tech | By Patricia Wade

India's heavy rocket 'Bahubali' gearing up for Moon

India's heavy rocket 'Bahubali' gearing up for Moon

India's heavy lift rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle - Mark III (GSLV Mk III), nicknamed as "Bahubali", and its passenger Chandrayaan-2 were being readied up for their historic flight to the Moon on July 15, said space agency officials. A soft landing is the process of slow landing a spacecraft to ensure no damage occurs during the process.

Amid a new global space race, India is preparing to launch a second mission to the moon. And ahead of its launch, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has finally unveiled the first images of the launch vehicle of the lunar mission today.

This is the sequel to Chandrayaan-1, an ISRO mission that launched 11 years ago featuring only a lunar orbiter. Meanwhile, Chandrayaan-2's orbiter is expected to remain operational for about a year, sending back information about the moon to ISRO.

When will Chandrayaan-2 reach the moon?

Chandrayaan-2 consists of an orbiter, a lander and a rover together referred to as "composite body".

What are the scientific objectives of Chandrayaan 2?

The Indian Space Research Organization plans to launch a spacecraft using homegrown technology on Monday, and it is scheduled to touch down on the moon September 6 or 7.

In further conversation, the chairman explained that the orbiter is capable of interacting with the Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) on the Earth as well as The lander on the surface of the moon.

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The success of Chandrayaan-2 mission will make India the fourth country in the world to land and ride on the Moon surface after the US, Russia and China.

The lunar South Pole is especially interesting because of the lunar surface area here that remains in shadow is much larger than that at the North Pole.

All three of ISRO's robotic explorers have different lifespans and will be looking to achieve key science goals in their limited time exploring the moon. ISRO believes Studies in the lunar South Pole will help understand the origin and evolution of satellite. Following its arrival, it will manoeuvre into a circular orbit just 62 miles (100km) above the lunar surface.

Vikram, named after Dr Vikram A Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Programme, should land on a high plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, which are around 70° south.

It will be nearly 11 years since India's last foray to the Moon, when the Chandrayaan-1 probe made a controlled impact near the south pole to collect soil samples to test for traces of water.

When a rocket blasts off from an island in the Bay of Bengal in the coming days, it will carry not only a moon rover but a nation's growing ambitions in space.

At the time of touch down, the lander will leave the orbiter, also perform a sequence of complicated movements including a fine braking and rough braking.

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