Published: Tue, June 18, 2019
Global News | By Blake Casey

India's Population to Overtake China's by 2027

India's Population to Overtake China's by 2027

The global fertility rate, which fell from 3.2 births per woman in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019, will decline further to 2.2 in 2050.

It further said that in 2019, around 40 per cent of the world's population lives in intermediate-fertility countries, where women have on average between 2.1 and four births over a lifetime.

According to the "World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights" report, migration is also a major component of population growth or loss in some countries.

Japan has the world's lowest ratio of people of working age to those aged 65 or over, according to a United Nations report released Monday.

The world population is expected to climb to 9.7 billion in 2050 from 7.7 billion today, with the population of sub-Saharan Africa doubling, a United Nations report released Monday said.

UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Liu Zhenmin said the report offers a roadmap indicating where to target action and interventions. Although the world's population is getting older and growing at a slower pace, it is still expected to increase, as a few countries will experience a surge in population.

The UN report also said that in 2018, for the first time in recorded history, people over 65 years of age outnumbered children under the age of five. "By 2050, the number of persons aged 65 years or over globally will also surpass the number of adolescents and youth aged 15 to 24 years".

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In 2019, the fertility rate in sub-Saharan Africa was the highest at 4.6 births per woman, with Pacific islands, northern Africa, and western, central and southern Asia above the replacement level, said the report. The impact of low fertility on population size is reinforced in some locations by high rates of emigration.

Nigeria is still projected to be the third most populous country from 2050 to 2100, with a population of 733 million at the end of the century.

After this re-ordering between 2019 and 2050, India could remain the world's most populous country with almost 1.5 billion inhabitants, followed by China with just under 1.1 billion, the report added.

For example, some of the largest outflows of people - including from Bangladesh, Mepal and the Philippines - are driven by the demand for migrant workers, the report said.

The UN said countries experiencing a net inflow of migrants over the decade include Belarus, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Russia, Serbia and Ukraine. "These data constitute a critical piece of the evidence base needed for monitoring global progress toward achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030", said John Wilmoth, Director of the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

China is one among 55 countries which is expected to witness a decrease in population.

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