Published: Wed, January 16, 2019
Sci-tech | By Patricia Wade

China's moon rover to measure lunar freezing night temperature

China's moon rover to measure lunar freezing night temperature

Right in the center, you can see the Yutu 2 (aka Jade Rabbit 2) rover slightly in the distance, which the Chang'e 4 released shortly after landing.

The first two phases have been accomplished, and the next step is to launch the Chang'e-5 probe to collect 2 kg of samples and bring them back to the earth, said Wu Weiren, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and chief designer of China's lunar exploration program.

China National Space Administration releases a footage of the successful landing of probe Chang'e-4 on the far side of the moon on January 3.

The other face, most of which can not be seen from the Earth, is called the far side or the "dark side" of the moon, not because it is dark, but because most of it is uncharted. Wu said Monday that NASA shared information about its lunar orbiter satellite in hopes of monitoring the landing of the Chang'e 4 spacecraft, which made China the first country to set down on the far side of the moon earlier this month.

The Chang'e 4 probe, named after the mythical moon goddess, made history when it landed on the unexplored far side of the moon on Jan 3 in a technical and risky manoueuvre. The state-run China Daily said this was the first such collaboration since an American law banned joint space projects with China that do not have prior congressional approval. The state-run China Daily said that was the first such form of cooperation since the 2011 US law was enacted.

According to the deputy director of the country's space agency, Wu Yanhua, the successful mission marked a turning point for Chinese space exploration.

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NASA has not published any statements on the collaboration and could not immediately be reached for comment.

Pictures transmitted back show a rocky surface with the jagged edge of craters in the background, posing a challenge for controllers in plotting the rover's future travels, the official Xinhua News Agency said.

Since the moon's revolution cycle is the same as its rotation cycle, the same side always faces the Earth.

Both the lander and the rover entered a "sleep mode" on Sunday as the first lunar night after the probe's landing fell, according to Wu. The probe is shown adjusting its altitude, speed and pitch as it seeks to avoid obstacles on the ground.

China is only the third country after the US and the then-Soviet Union to successfully land on the Moon. The moon is a mysterious world to us.

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 Moon landing and lunar missions continue to be a source of fascination for all segments of the population.

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