Published: Tue, November 13, 2018
Health Care | By Cedric Leonard

Antimicrobial resistance causing 700,000 deaths annually, health experts claim

Antimicrobial resistance causing 700,000 deaths annually, health experts claim

Almost two thirds of Americans (65%) say antibiotic resistance is a public health problem and a strong majority (81%) say they are concerned that antibiotic resistance will make more infections hard or impossible to treat and even deadly, according to a national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America in collaboration with the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA).

"These differences indicate that some countries probably consume too many antibiotics while others may have not enough access to these drugs", warned the World Health Organization in a press release. These should be used cautiously due to the high chance of causing antimicrobial resistance and/or their side-effects.

'With antibiotic resistance on the rise globally, it's vital that we preserve the remaining antibiotics we do have.

"Using antibiotics responsibly, under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, is a part of daily life on pig farms and has been for many years", said National Pork Board President Steve Rommereim, a pig farmer from Alcester, South Dakota. The Rock's antibiotic use is higher than in other European countries.

The only way to preserve antibiotics is to use them only when needed. All through the week, WAAW will work towards encouraging participants to incorporate these two important messages around the discussion of antibiotic resistance.

This is complicating treatments for diseases such as Staphylococcus aureus, HIV and malaria, and drug-resistant infections are already causing up to 50,000 deaths each year in Europe and the U.S. alone.

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The Ministry of Health, PHARMAC, ACC, the Health Quality & Safety Commission and the Council of Medical College's Choosing Wisely campaign are supporting World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2018 which gets underway today. The most common data sources were sales and import records.The report also breaks down consumption by class of antibiotic, with antibiotics grouped according to the WHO's AWaRe (Access, Watch, and Reserve) categories. Sixteen of these countries have contributed to this first report and many more are expected to contribute to the global data in the next few years.

'Your doctor will tell you if antibiotics are the right treatment for you.

"Overuse and misuse of antibiotics are the leading causes of antimicrobial resistance", Suzanne Hill, head of WHO's essential medicines unit, said in a statement.

"Resistance can occur when people cannot afford a full course of treatment or only have access to substandard or falsified medicines", it said.

Low consumption levels in some countries may indicate that people have limited access to these medicines but may also indicate weak systems for the supply of antibiotics.

WHO acknowledged the picture of how antibiotics are used around the world remains far from complete. The lack of access to quality assured antibiotics drives people to buy antibiotics without a prescription, something not now captured. There are countries where antibiotics can be bought for human or animal use without a prescription which makes the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance worse.

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